NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Chapter 9 Monuments made of neither marble, nor gold, are part of the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Chapter 9 Monuments made not of marble, nor of gold.
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Chapter 9 Neither Marble, nor Gilded Monuments
Look carefully at the following picture.
(a) How is time depicted? Why ?
(b) What are other symbols associated with time?
(a) Here time is depicted as a man holding a flag in his hand. This somehow resembles the Lord Christ. This is portrayed because there is nothing more powerful than man, although before time man is non-existent. Secondly, time is portrayed as a human being because the poem is about him.
(b) Time, there are other symbols associated with the Sun, for example, nature and other aspects of nature.
(a) What are those things which last for centuries? List some things around you that will survive four to five hundred years in the future.
(b) Think about things that will be destroyed and/or forgotten as time passes.
The word “sonnet” is derived from the Italian word sonetto, meaning “little sound” or “little song.” A sonnet is a poem of 14 lines with a structured rhyme scheme in which an idea about a topic is fully developed.
You will read two sonnets on the powerful effects of time.
For students to study. No questions have been asked in this.
Listen to a recording of William Shakespeare’s sonnet ‘Not Marble, nor the Gilded Monuments’, played by your teacher. You can also listen to it on YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SOqCaljBhtM&feature=related
To listen to students. No questions have been asked in this.
Answer the following questions by marking the correct options based on your understanding of Shakespeare’s sonnet.
(a) Rich and powerful people built ornate monuments for _____
(i) To exhibit one’s property
(ii) Display your power
(iii) Show your artistic talent
(iv) Will be remembered by future generations.
(b) The poet addresses his sonnet to _____
(iii) The person he loves
(iv) Powerful ruler.
(c) In the line ‘Living record of your memory’, living record refers to _____
(i) The sonnet which the poet has written for his friend
(ii) An existing statue of his friend
(iii) His friend who remains in the poet’s memory
(iv) Autobiography of the poet’s friend.
(d) The tone of the poet in the poem is _____
(iii) to love
(iv) To praise,
(e) The poem is set in _____
(i) The place where the poet meets his friend
(ii) A battlefield where Mars is fighting a war
(iii) A city devastated by war
(iv) Study of the poet where he is writing.
(a) → (iv) will be remembered by future generations
(B) → (iii) The person he loves
(c) → (iii) His friend who lives in the poet’s memory
(d) → (iii) to love
(e) → (iv) Poet’s study where he is writing
Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Why do you think rich and powerful people build monuments and statues in their memory? (v. imp)
Why do rich and powerful people build monuments? (CBSE 2015)
(b) Describe how monuments and statues withstand the ravages of time. (V.Imp) (CBSE 2014)
According to Shakespeare, what survives the ravages of time? (CBSE 2014)
(c) Why does the poet call time a slut? (V.Imp) (CBSE 2015)
(d) The poet says that neither the forces of nature nor war can destroy his poetry. In fact, even the divine powers of Mars would not have any destructive effect on his poetry. Which quality of the poet is revealed in these lines?
(a) Rich and powerful people build monuments and statues in their memory. They do this to be remembered by future generations.
(b) Monuments and statues withstand the ravages of time. However, as they do so they deform, deform and break. This happens even when they are not taken care of.
(c) The poet calls time dull because time spoils monuments made of marble or gold. It discolors, breaks or soils them through its own agencies. These agencies are air, rain, natural vegetation etc.
(d) These lines clearly highlight the quality of the poet. This is the immortality of his poetry and the permanence of his poetic or literary art. It is true that like time or nature, literary art is also permanent and immortal. That is why, we have poets and artists who have lived thousands of years ago and will live forever through their creations. He has become immortal through literature and art.
Shakespeare’s sonnet is divided into three quatrains of 4 lines, each followed by a rhyming couplet. Each quatrain is a unit of meaning. Read the poem carefully and complete the following table on the structure of the poem.
Comparison between poetry and monuments.
Wasting time on monuments is the opposite of (c)_________.
(e)______ the recorded memory of future generations.
Poetry immortalizes a friend.
(A) now now
(B) CD CD
(c) A living record of the memory of the poet’s beloved.
(d) fe fe
(e) His girlfriend will find a place in his eyes also
(a) The poet uses alliteration to enhance the musical quality of the sonnet. Working in pairs* Underline examples of alliteration in the poem.
(b) Identify Shakespeare’s use of personification in the poem.
(a) Students should work in pairs. The following information will help them:
- The unsolved stone is sunken by the ravages of time
- when war is futile
- Mars is neither his sword nor his war.
- there will still be praise
- lover’s eyes
(b) The living record of your memory’ is portrayed in the sonnet as a man. He will move forward against death etc. He will remain alive in the eyes of all future generations.
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