NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Chapter 10 Ozymandias are part of the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Chapter 10 Ozymandias.
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Literature Chapter 10 Ozymandias
See the picture below:
While on a sightseeing trip to an old and mysterious country far from home, you saw this statue. Discuss with your partner what this picture tells you about the people, the place and the ruler.
Note your ideas in a web-chart.
Is for discussion in groups. The following information will help students in this discussion:
(a) Symbolizes inanity, death, destructive capacity of nature etc.
(b) gets distorted, destroyed and mutilated by the cruel hands of nature and time
(c) Cruel, merciless, cruel, disgusting, merciless and inhuman.
(d) Could live in fear, terror and cruelty of the king who knew no human values like mercy, compassion, empathy etc.
Write a letter to your friend about the scene you saw and how it affected you. (v. imp)
18 ct city
September 30, 20 –
my dear sage
I hope you are feeling well. In this letter I am writing about a strange sight. I saw this scene while returning from a long walk in Jaisalmer.
I was astonished to see two huge, bodyless legs of stone standing on a pedestal in the desert. A broken human face lay beside him. There were expressions of arrogance, frown and sarcastic command of cold command on the human face. From these expressions and the intricate carvings I immediately understood everything. The sculptor who created this statue was indeed an intelligent artist. He truly understood these sentiments and carved them in stone. His mockery of them and his nurturing heart were clearly visible in Pratima’s expressions.
I was extremely surprised to see the plaque on which it was written: ‘My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings. Look at my actions and despair’. Indeed, the message was loud and clear. There was limitless sand spread far and wide around that statue.
The message was that one’s emotions or the power of the king are the food of time and nature. Ozymandias understood this but it was too late. Now his destiny or even the destiny of the most powerful were symbolized by the broken statue and sand.
Answer the following questions by marking the correct options.
(a) The poem is set in _________
- the wilderness
- an ancient land
- a police
- a desert.
(b) The expression on the statue’s five is one of _________
(c) This poem throws light on the _________ nature of Ozimandlas.
- to brag
(d) The sculptor was able to understand Ozymandias’s _________
(e) The tone of the poem is _________
- To feel guilty.
(a) → (iv) a desert
(b) → (iv) contempt
(c) → (ii) arrogant
(d) → (iii) emotions
(e) → (i) To make fun of.
Answer the following questions briefly:
(a) “The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed them.” Whose hand and heart has the poet mentioned in this line?
(b) “My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings Why does Ozymandias call himself the King of Kings? Which quality of the king is revealed by this statement? (v. imp)
(c) “O mighty one, look upon my actions, and despair!” Who is Ozymandias referring to when? He talks about the mighty one? Why should they be disappointed?
(d) Highlight the satire in the poem. (CBSE 2016)
(e) ‘Nothing extra left’. What does the narrator mean when he says these words?
(f) What is your impression of Ozymandias as a king? (CBSE 2016)
What kind of king was ‘Ozymandias’? (CBSE 2016)
(g) What message is given through this poem?
What message does the poem ‘Ozymandias’ convey? (CBSE 2015)
(a) The poet mentions the sculptor’s hand and the heart of King Ozymandias.
(b) Ozymandias calls himself the king of kings because of his disdain, arrogance, haughtiness and contempt towards other kings. This is because he is the leader in all these qualities. This line also shows that Ozymandias also understood the futility of these things but later.
(c) He is talking about powerful kings. They should be disappointed to see the end of his arrogance, contempt, pride, arrogance and cruelty through the statue.
(d) The irony in the poem is that it shows Ozymandias’s arrogance, haughtiness, contempt and cruelty but what is the result? The broken statue and the vastness of sand symbolize the futility of these feelings.
(e) The narrator means that the king who was once strong, powerful, ruthless and cruel has no other qualities.
(F) My impression of Ozymandias is that he was a cruel king. He was also foolish and lacked intelligence, foresight and humility when he was young. But these also refer to his self-realization as well as seeing the truth of life in the later stage of his life.
(g) The message given through the poem is the futility of these traits of arrogance, ridicule and cruelty. It also represents time and all the power of nature. As soon as it comes to this arrogant king, these I traits disappear.
Identify and rewrite the lines from the poem spoken by the narrator, the traveler, and Ozymandias:
the narrator : __________
Narrator: I met a traveler from an ancient country who said:
Nothing remains nearby…far away
Traveller: “Two huge, bodyless legs of stone…
And on the pedestal these words appear:
Ozymandias: “My name is Ozymandias… Despair!”
Shelley’s sonnet follows the traditional structure of the fourteen-line Italian sonnet, with an opening octave, or set of eight lines, presenting a conflict or dilemma, followed by a sestet, or set of six lines Which offers some solution or comment. The proposal was presented in octave. Read the poem carefully and complete the following table on the structure of the poem.
|octave||(I met…he fed 🙂 ababakkde||Description of the broken statue of Ozymandias, the sculptor’s skill and the king’s facial expressions|
|sestet||(And on the chair…far away) Abacac||Resolution: The futility of power and the consequences of these negative values for King Ozymandias|
Complete the table listing the poetic devices used by Shelley in Ozymandias.
|poetic device||lines of poetry|
|alliteration||…and mockery of cold order|
|Subjunctive figure of speech in which a whole is used for a part or a part is used for a whole. (substitution of a part for the whole, or substitution of the whole for a part)||the hand that mocked them|
|poetic device||lines of poetry|
|alliteration||Half drowned, broken face lies, cold orders,|
boundless and bare lonely and level
two huge stone legs without a torso
The hand that ridiculed…that fed.
|Subjunctive figure of speech in which a whole is used for a part or a part is used for a whole.
the hand that mocked them
whose eyebrows/and wrinkled lips
Imagine that Ozymandias comes back to life and as he sees the state of his idol, he has a realization and writes down his thoughts in a diary. As Ozymandias, make this diary entry of about 150 words. You can start like this: I thought I was the strongest but… (small ghost)
Friday, September 27, 20 – 9 pm
I used to think that I was the strongest, but my belief was very wrong. When I ruled my kingdom I proved to be the most cruel, arrogant, ruthless and ruthless king. No one dared to look at me or look me in the eyes. I knew very well that it is not easy to rule over the common people. They do not understand the language of love, kindness and compassion. It is the politics of brutality and ruthlessness of the ruler that keeps the people under control. I also thought that I would rule forever.
But I soon discovered that I was completely wrong. No one is immortal. The most powerful are time and nature who are the most cruel rulers of humans and all creatures. To convey my message, I installed my statue on the pedestal of which was written the message of arrogance and the futility of cold command. When I saw the condition of my own statue, I realized this basic truth of life. What remains of my idol are my two legs. My own head lies in the sand with these expressions of arrogance, arrogance, mockery of cold command. The broken statue and the vast sand show that nature and time are the most powerful.
‘Ozymandias’ and ‘Not the Marble, nor the Gilded Monuments’ are timely. Compare the two sonnets in terms of the way time is treated by the poets. Write your answer in about 150 words.
Time is at the center of ‘Ozymandias’ and ‘Not Marble, Nor Gilded Monuments’. This element is invisible in these poems, yet it controls both. Actually, the themes of both these poems match. Basically, the common theme is that time is almighty. As time passes, all living things and art objects start getting destroyed. The statue of Ozymandias is now in poor condition. It has two trunkless legs standing and its torso and face are lying broken. Clearly, time has claimed him.
In ‘Not Marble, Nor the Gilded Monuments’ the prince or king gets monuments built in his memory. War, time, nature deteriorate them and these monuments and statues are destroyed by the all-powerful time. However, unlike him, the poet’s beloved remains ‘in the sight of posterity’.
Thus, time is shown as the most powerful element in both sonnets. Ozymandias considered himself the most powerful being, yet he also felt that he was not so against time. Thus, the poet uses time as the most powerful.
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